Metal Casting Technologies : MCT DEC 2017 (4TH QRT)
METAL Casting Technologies 4th Quarter 2017 5 The foundry and green cars - monitoring the pace of change n this edition we feature the ongoing environmental impact relating to the internal operations of foundries, an issue which attracts more and more attention and increases the cost for environmental management. While the in-house focus on environmental issues is normal operations management, the environmental issues for the planet are more mainstream than ever. The standout is the enormous disruption, which has started with electric vehicles and expected to become common in the next ten to 15 years. Already many global car manufacturers are planning to increase their commitment and several brands are already well under way. It’s a 21st century revolution and the reduction in labour costs to produce, combined with the reduction in air pollution will combine to make the petrol engine an artefact. And like all revolutions, there will be fall out and disruption. A phase-out of combustion engines by 2030 could, for example, cost an estimated 600,000 jobs in Germany alone, forecasted by the IFO Economic Institute. Angela Merkel is not in favour of electric car revolution as Germany is well embedded with diesel technology and jobs will be a big factor relating to the pace of change over to electric cars. Only time will reveal the economic impact. And this equation applies to all countries which manufacture electric vehicles. Continuing disruption will become mainstream in our global economy. Australia has shut down the manufacturing facility for Toyota and Holden. Despite the shut down of these facilities it is not all doom and gloom according to the Australian Federation of Automotive Parts Manufacturers. It could be good news for suppliers to the Chinese market. As electric vehicles become easier to build the manufacturing process will most probably become simplified and robotised, creating new manufacturing and business opportunities. China has just finished broadcasting its five-year development plan and it includes great importance on cleaning out air pollution, which includes smog from vehicle emissions, a huge health hazard. China’s plan is to be all electric by 2030. India too is the next biggest polluter and is pushing aggressively by drawing up plans to electrifying all new vehicles by 2030. EDITORIAL I CONTRIBUTORS Barbara Cail DR.P.C.MAITY Metal Casting and Materials Engineer JEFF F. MEREDITH Casting Solutions Pty Ltd DANIEL ALLEN Based in London and Beijing, award-winning writer and photographer Daniel Allen has journeyed widely across Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. His work has featured in numerous publications, including the Guardian, National Geographic, Discovery Channel magazine, Geographical, Esquire and CNN Traveller. RALITSA PEYCHEVA Ralitsa Peycheva is a technical content manager at Mobility Work (www.mobility-work.com), interested in latest machinery tools, technical maintenance, CMMS and big data; curious about new manufacturing methods; discovering, observing and admiring high-quality engineering. Planning for the production of casting components for this new electric car revolution will also be a challenge. Or it may be possible to assume that for another 20 years, the petrol driven engine will still be manufactured. The challenge will be the supply of electricity to refuel: many environmentalists’ claim that the electricity being sourced from coal power will emit pollution at a higher rate. As the overall projection is 2030 to chime with the Paris Agreement, 20 years is an enormous time span. The four biggest companies economically ruling the globe, Amazon, Google, Facebook and Apple have created their global dominance in just 10 years. While you are all aware of electric vehicles we took the opportunity, with this edition, to emphasise the need to keep the issue top of mind as being of great environmental change. Metals magazine has been published for the past 47 years. The changes in that time space are astounding. The next 40 plus years will be more so. Barbara Cail Managing Editor 4 www.metals.rala.com.au SAM CHARLWOOD Based in Sydney, Sam Charlwood is a motoring journalist and presenter. Sam keeps close tabs on the soon-to-be-defunct automotive manufacturing industry in Australia, and shares a passion for the metal casting sector across the Asia Pacific. www.hayesmetals.co.nz Call Australian Sales on +61 2 9627 7150 Hayes Metals Pty Ltd - Sydney Offices (Incorporating Dinga Enterprises) 25-31 Hobart St., Riverstone NSW 2765 and 106 Mileham St., South Windsor NSW 2756 Fax: +61 2 9627 7041 E-mail: KeiranSlattery@hayesmetals.com.au Call New Zealand Sales on +64 9 633 4000 Hayes Metal Refineries Limited - Auckland Office 305 Neilson Street Onehunga Auckland 1643 NZ Fax: +64 9 636 4004 E-mail: PCoyte@hayesmetals.co.nz Producers and/or Distributors of a Comprehensive Range of: n Aluminium Master Alloy Ingots, Rods & Tablets n Aluminium – Pure & Primary & Secondary Alloy Ingots n Copper Alloy Ingots & 15% Phosphor Copper Shot n Lead – Pure & Antimonial Lead Alloy Ingots & Shot n Magnesium – Pure & Alloyed Ingots & Pieces n White Metal Alloys & Specialty Solder Alloy Ingots n Zinc – Pure Slab & Balls & Zinc Aluminium Alloys For Australia’s and New Zealand’s largest range of alloy ingots for foundries and the die casting industry PART OF THE HAYES METAL REFINERIES GROUP - ESTABLISHED 1927 HAYES METALS JOHN PEARCE Metallurgical Consultant firstname.lastname@example.org Season’s Greetings from the team at Metals The team at Metal Casting Technologies magazine wish you a season of health, happiness and prosperity as you begin the New Year. We thank you for your support of this magazine and look forward to another year of continued partnership throughout 2018.
MCT MAR 2018 (1ST QRT)