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Metal Casting Technologies : March 2009
TECHNOLOGY FEATURE Automobiles NewWorldOF THE Nissan Announces Green Program 2010 Nissan’s aggressive plan includes clean diesel, fuel effi ciency, hybrids, plug-in hybrids and EVs. I n Japan, Nissan Motor has announced its new mid-term environmental action plan, Nissan Green Program 2010 (NGP 2010). Nissan is focused on three core areas related to the environment: reducing CO2 emissions; reducing exhaust emissions; and accelerating recycling efforts. The Nissan Green Program 2010 is specifically focused on reducing CO2 emissions both from our products as well as from day-to-day corporate activities. Specific highlights of the plan include: ? Incorporating CO2 reduction as one of the key management performance indicators ? Launch a “three-litre car” with a target of 2010; a gasoline-fueled car that runs 100km on three liters of fuel (78 mpg US) ? Expand availability of Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFV) within the next three years. ? Launch Nissan electric vehicle early in the next decade ? Develop Nissan’s original hybrid vehicle—not the Altima hybrid using Toyota technology—targeted for launch in FY2010 ? Accelerate development of plug-in hybrid technology ? Reduce CO2 emissions from global manufacturing plants by 7% compared to 2005 by 2010 The Nissan Green Program 2010 provides a transparent view of Nissan’s future commitments to all aspects of environmental management. Nissan Green Program 2010 has been designed to address immediate challenges as well as creating the foundation towards a long-term sustainable business model 34 www.metals.rala.com.au —Toshiyuki Shiga, Chief Operating Officer In order to make reducing CO2 part of the major decision making processes of the company, CO2 has been added to internal management performance indicators. Previously, the indicators were quality, cost and time (QCT). Starting this fiscal year CO2 has been added to create QCT-C. For the foreseeable future, Nissan believes that the internal combustion engine will continue to serve as the primary power source for vehicles. Under NGP 2010, Nissan will accelerate development of technologies that deliver improvements to the efficiency of conventional gasoline powertrains. For example, Nissan will develop powertrains that support the development of a “three-litre car”, a car that will travel 100 kilometres using just three litres of gasoline. This product’s launch is targeted at 2010, starting from Japan. Looking ahead, Nissan identifies vehicles using electric motors with the power derived from batteries or hydrogen fuel cells as increasingly important and as the potential long- term replacement for the internal combustion engine. Nissan will continue to invest substantially into all aspects of electric vehicle technology. Leading that program will be the development of a hybrid vehicle that uses Nissan original technologies for a FY2010 launch target. In the early part of the next decade, Nissan will launch the next-generation fuel cell vehicle with its own in-house developed stack and a battery-powered electric vehicle. At the same time, Nissan is preparing for a new company to develop, produce and market advanced lithium- ion batteries, a key technological component for its electric powertrains. In addition, it will accelerate ...WE BELIEVE THAT IN ORDER TO DEVELOP VEHICLES THAT ARE TRULY ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY, WE NEED TO MAKE SIGNIFICANT ADVANCES IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY... development of plug-in hybrid vehicles. At Nissan we believe that in order to develop vehicles that are truly environmentally friendly, we need to make significant advances in internal combustion technology while working on electrical power sources in parallel – Mitsuhiko Yamashita, Executive Vice President, Research and Development Specific product and technology targets include: ? Launch six vehicles in Japan that feature a package of environmental technologies. These models will exceed 2010 Japanese regulated fuel economy standards by 20%, emit 75% less exhaust emissions than 2005 standards and will be equipped with an advanced cabin air quality management system. ? From FY2010 introduce gasoline engine technologies that will enhance fuel economy and at the same time reduce CO2 emissions equivalent to diesel engine levels, including: - Combining direct injection gasoline engines with next generation turbocharger systems (four-cylinder engines)