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Metal Casting Technologies : December 2006
Trust your most complex cores to INCAST ®. The ideal combination of geometry, density and particle size distribution, INCAST improves critical core making and casting properties including binder utilization, permeability and dimensional stability. Higher strength cores, better surface finish and increased efficiency and yield are the INCAST advantages. These sands are engineered for the metalcaster. Optimize Core Performance Unimin Australia Limited Tel.: +613 9586 5400 Fax: +613 9586 5411 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Worldwide: www.metalcaster.com CORE AND MOULDING SANDS ® ® INCAST is a trademark. All rights reserved. ©2003 THAI FOUNDRIES -- A WIDE SPECTRUM OF ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE In Thailand the foundry industry covers the whole spectrum of technical and environmental performance4. The conditions in and surrounding the large newer joint venture foundries comply with world class standards. These plants are mostly situated on purpose built industrial estates with tree line avenues and gardens. At the opposite end of the scale are small Thai owned foundries in which conditions are as bad if not worse than some of the Black Country foundries of fifty years ago. As in many countries it is the small and medium sized companies (SMEs) that need the most help in environmental and health & safety matters. There is considerable scope for most SME foundries to clean up their operations, to be more efficient with their use of energy, and improve their waste management. Over the last few years the Thai authorities have initiated a variety of schemes to tackle environmental and waste problems across industry in general. In January 2002 the Pollution Control Department of the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment published a "National Master Plan on Cleaner Production". In order to promote recycling and reduce growing problems in waste disposal, it was also announced that manufacturers would face larger tax bills to cover the increasing costs of waste management. Around the same time, the National Energy Policy Office (NEPO) initiated plans to reduce energy usage and costs. NEPO expanded the "Energy Conservation Fund" to provide tax breaks and other financial incentives for companies to update or replace plant and equipment in order to improve energy efficiency. There have been a number of other similar schemes since then and the issue of a range of environmental regulations. At the present time the situation for industry in general is somewhat confusing since there are a number of emission and environmental standards in force issued by a number of government organizations including three separate ministries (Industry, Science & Technology, and National Resource & Environment) and the Dept. of Industrial Works, which at present comes under the Industry Ministry. If standards and regulations are not clearly understood then they cannot be interpreted and applied in the correct manner, especially in small foundries where the need for environmental improvement is greatest. A further problem is that the government organizations involved in inspection and monitoring of industrial plants do not have enough specially trained technical staff to work as assessors.