by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
button in toolbar for more information.
Metal Casting Technologies : March 2010
8 www.metals.rala.com.au BRIEFINGS Metal foundries India seek protection from Chinese aggression Producers want Customs duty on metal castings to be raised from 10% to 20%. Faced with an upsurge in imports of metal castings, particularly from China, the Indian foundry industry has urged the government to double the tariff to protect domestic industry. Most metal castings attract a basic Customs duty between 7.5 and 10 per cent. The Institute of Indian Foundrymen (IIF), representative body of about 5,000 casting producers, wants this raised to 20 percent. Ranked fourth in the world castings census, conducted by Modern Castings of the US, the Indian foundry industry produces seven million tonnes of castings a year, worth $12 billion (Rs 55,000 crore). The industry's export earnings are $1.5 billion (Rs 6,930 crore) a year. In the backdrop of the ambitious automotive mission planned by the Union government, which envisages the auto industry to grow to a turnover of $134 billion by 2016, the foundry industry has to grow in tandem, notes IIF. Indian imports of cheap casting material from China recorded growth between 100 and 2,000 percent annually, depending on the item, in the past three years. The Chinese prices, say IIF, are well below the manufacturing costs in India. Since 90 percent of foundry units are small ones, they do not have the benefit of economies of scale. The average foundry's installed capacity is less than 1,500 tonnes a month. IIF also demanded special additional duty on import of aluminium waste and scrap, and some other associated relief in refund of countervailing duties. With the revival in demand from engineering and automobile sectors, foundry units across the country increased their production capacities to 55-60 percent in June 2009 from around 40 percent in December 2008. Operating capacity hasn't improved after June 2009. Till global recession struck in September 2008, the industry was operating at an average capacity of 70 percent. The economic crisis led to the closure of between 500 and 700 units. According to an estimate, about 70 percent of the small and medium- sized units contribute about 30 percent of total output, while the other 30 percent, large and medium sized, and technologically-upgraded units, make up 70 percent of the output. Foundry specialist joins Metal Casting Magazine Mick Nolan Many people will recognise Mick Nolan's deep experience having been involved in foundry practice for 50 years. Mick spent 30 years with Foseco, a world wide company recognised for its high global profile and effectiveness in serving the foundry industry. With Mick's valuable depth of experience and knowledge of the Asia Pacific region, we at Metals magazine are very happy to welcome him aboard to be an editorial contributor and provide information to our Asia Pacific readership. Mick will share some of his thoughts about the industry and its future in his own column which will commence in the June 2010 edition. China's auto export down 46% in 2009 China's auto export in 2009 dropped 46 percent year-on-year due to the global downturn, according to the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers. China exported a total of 369,600 autos in 2009, valued at $5.19 billion, both down 46 percent from 2008, citing figures from the General Administration of Customs. Because of the burgeoning domestic market, China imported 420,800 autos in 2009, up 3 percent from 2008. Minibus import saw the sharpest rise to reach 164,800 units, a surge of 45 percent year-on-year. China's auto sales and output both more than doubled in January 2010 from a year earlier to exceed 1.6 million units, a new record high. China had overtaken the United States as the world's top automaker and market in 2009, with annual sales reaching 13.64 million units, according to the CAAM last month. Chiang Mai research students win microscopy awards for work on cast metals Two post-graduate students from Chiang Mai University were awarded the main prizes at the 27th Annual Conference of the Microscopy Society of Thailand held during 20-22 January 2010 at the Fair House Beach Resort & Hotel in Ko Samui, an event attended by some 200 delegates. Out of 32 oral presentations Surasak Kuimalee received the best presentation award for work on transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of cast duplex stainless steel. While in the materials science poster session, from the 69 posters on show, Natthapol Chomsaeng received the 1st prize for his work on the microstructure and
Media Kit 2010