by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
button in toolbar for more information.
Metal Casting Technologies : September 2010
38 www.metals.rala.com.au has been continually messed up in efforts to get products out, although it has been determined that the Metalcasting Industry contributes less than 1.0 percent Ð repeat, one percent! Ð to the total environmental pollution that the Philippines generates; the bulk is from vehicles and other manufacturing plants. At the last convention of the Philippine Metalcasting Association in June 2010, commitment was made to continuously and consciously promote and properly implement more effective management of the environment. "Let us not contribute to killing the country softly." 7. One solution that could be advocated is the establishment of a Metal Engineering Industry Park, along the model of South Korea where 180 foundries producing machinery, equipment and parts quit their premises in urban areas Ð where they were a nuisance and a pollutant Ð or in run-down industrial complexes and moved to purposely-built estates in the country districts. By clustering together, the Metal Engineering Industry, composed of Metalcasting and Metalworking companies, realized savings by centralizing many common services such as sand reclamation, core-making, heat treatment, and bulk-purchasing of consumables. Other common service facilities like environment control equipment, water treatment equipment, and employee services: cafeteria, health services, transport services, etc., could be added Ð such activities that add to the cost of production, but not to the quality of the product. By operating jointly, the operating costs for such facilities could be brought down to a mere fraction of what they would be if operated alone. Furthermore, with enough companies, the Industrial Park could generate its own electric power and surely save in its energy cost by doing away with the demand charge. And the companies in-cluster could operate in synergy, each producing what it can do best. This is a sure way to overcome the competition brought about by "globalization." The industry should realize that the company next door is not a competitor but an ally; the manufacturers abroad are the real competitors and that the whole world is the market Ð the real meaning of "globalization!" The industry has to learn to compete with the world and in the world. Unless it does this, the future does not seem too bright for the industry. Parochial thinking should be discarded and junked forever! THAILAND By John Pearce and Julathep Kajornchaiyakul Auto industry leads foundry recovery Automotive foundries and die-casters are smiling again as news from the Thai Automotive sector continues to be encouraging with vehicle sales during the first six months of 2010 up by 54% compared the first half of 2009. Sales were highest in the sub-compact passenger car segment with Nissan, Mazda and Ford all introducing new models. General Motors Thailand recently announced that with the expansion of its Thai plants its annual procurement value of auto-parts will be around one billion US Dollars. Expansion at the GM plant in Rayong will allow production of diesel engines and the new Colorado pick-up truck. GM is also planning to expand its local engineering centre by 20% with a focus on use of alternative fuels in E85 and NGV models. Meanwhile German carmakers, BMW, Daimler and Volkswagen, have had discussions with the Board of Investment in Thailand with a view to establishing plants. VW, which has plants under development in China, has already gained approval to build an eco-car in Thailand through its holding in Suzuki. The improved situation means that most foundries supplying automotive parts are now working at full capacity. This is a significant boost to the industry since 70% by weight of castings produced in Thailand are for vehicles or motorcycles. Foundries producing parts for agricultural machinery, such as rice planting and harvesting equipment, and general engineering jobbing foundries are also working close to capacity. The electrical and electronics sector has also improved but at a slower rate than automotive. Currently the demand for castings, notably auto and machinery parts, cannot be satisfied because there are not enough "second tier" foundries with the necessary capability to meet technical specifications and quality requirements and to deliver on time to their customers. For those foundries seeking to improve the difficulty of obtaining loans or grants is the on-going major problem. All foundries are facing shortages of skilled labour. The larger foundries have experienced difficulties in re-recruiting experienced workers who had been laid off during the