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Metal Casting Technologies : March 2005
papers were presented to select 10 papers to be given at AFC-9. The papers reflected the current research interests in Vietnam, these include Rare Earth (RE) Treatment in Cast Steels, Steel Refining and Electro-slag Remelting, Corrosion of Stainless Steels and of High Chromium Irons, and, as elsewhere, a rapidly growing interest in Aluminium Casting Alloys. Visits were organized to Hanoi University of Technology HUT and to the Institute of Materials Science for discussions on R & D in Foundry and Materials Technology and on the Cast Metals and Steel Industry in Vietnam. HUT, shortly to celebrate its 50th Anniversary in 2006, was the first technical university to be established in Vietnam. In 2004 it had around 6000 full and part time undergraduate students and nearly 1000 postgraduates. The Faculty of Materials Science and Technology has 100 staff members and offers Masters programs in Foundry Engineering, Metallurgical Technology and Materials Science. The Institute of Materials Science (IMS) was established 12 years ago under the Vietnamese Academy of Science & Technology to investigate problems in materials science and technology, to transfer advances in materials technology from abroad to Vietnam and to provide specialist post-graduate training in materials. IMS currently employs over 300 staff in 7 divisions. The Division of Metallic Materials has 30 scientists and focuses on steels, ferroalloys, rare earth materials and corrosion. Together with HUT they are developing research and training in Al Casting Alloys to respond to the local growth in high-pressure die-casting for the production of motor cycle parts. To assist in the planning of future research the visit to IMS included the presentation of seminars on research topics requested by HUT and IMS. These were entitled: Recent R&D in Al-Si Alloys (Umeda) and Electron Microscopy of Steels and High Alloy Cast Irons (Pearce). Research on wear and corrosion resistant ferrous castings is already underway to support the production of wear parts for the coal mining, minerals, power and rapidly growing cement industries in Vietnam. At present Vietnam produces 13% of the global output of anthracite coal and has overtaken both China and South Africa as top exporter of this material. Vietnam has known deposits of 10 billion tonnes of coal and the possibility of a further 200 billion tonnes from the deposits under the Red River Delta that are currently under exploration. In 2004 the Vietnam Coal Corporation (Vinacoal) exported nearly 50% of its total output of 24 million tonnes. Vinacoal has a production target of 40 million tonnes by 2010. At least six more coal fired thermal electricity plants are planned to supply growing energy demands in Vietnam. Although there is a long standing Vietnam Foundry and Metallurgy Science and Technology Association (VFMSTA) with over 3000 members, there is, as yet, no reliable data on the type, number and size of foundries in Vietnam. As in Thailand production data from ferrous foundries tends to be hidden in overall figures for the steel industry. The current production capacity of the steel industry is said to be about 1 million tonnes of which around 300,000 tonnes comes from the one blast furnace in Vietnam. Because of previous links with the former Soviet Union there is a strong background in electro-slag refining techniques. About 10% of the total steel production is said to be used for shaped castings. Vietnam still relies on imported steel for its construction and shipbuilding industries: 2.1 million tonnes of steel billet were imported in 2004 and the Vietnam Steel Association (VSA) expects a rise to around 2.6 million tonnes in 2005. As in Thailand there are plans to increase steel-making capacity with a number of steel ingot projects underway with the intention of raising the annual production to around 3 million tonnes to satisfy some 60% of the domestic demand. The VSA is also backing improvements in the production capabilities for rolled steels. Through this journal Mr. Pham Chi Cuong, President of VFMSTA, would like to invite all foundry people across ASEAN and elsewhere to attend AFC-9, and to visit and enjoy Hanoi and its surroundings including the world heritage site of Halong Bay in the Bac Bo Gulf. 24 METAL Casting Technologies March 2005 FEATURE Details of the Hanoi venue, the pre-conference schedule and tentative program can be found on www.vietnamfometa.com.vn/afc9. For further information on foundry and metallurgical research and training in Vietnam: Hanoi University of Technology (HUT): www.hut.edu.vn Institute of Materials Science (IMS): www.ims.ac.vn Australian Metal Powders Supplies and AMPS Industrial & Safety Australian Representatives for Hoganas AB 32 Carrington Road Guildford NSW 2161 PO Box 477 Merrylands NSW 2160 TEL: 61 2 9681 6155 or 61 2 9892 2211 FAX: 61 2 9681 6092 EMAIL: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org WEBSITE: www.metalpowders.com.au CATEGORIES: Metal Powders Ferrous and Non Ferrous, Industrial Equipment, Welding and Safety INDUSTRIES SERVED: Foundries, Aluminium Smelters, Fabricators, Pattern Makers, Metal Composites PRODUCT RANGE: • High Purity Iron Melt Stock: Hoganas Melting Flakes •Iron and Stainless Steel Powders: Sponge and Atomised • Non-Ferrous Powders: Aluminium, Brass, Bronze, Copper etc • Industrial Products: Welding Consumables, Welding Machines, Welding Machine Repairs, Safety Equipment, Abrasives, Tools etc