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Metal Casting Technologies : September 2007
2007 OVERVIEW AsianFoundry 1.1 Exports led infrastructure & manufacturing driven foundry industry Foreign capital apart the benefits of western technologies, training and management concepts also have quickened the pace of efficient and improved business skills and capabilities. Free trade zones, Special Economic zones, excellent infrastructure facility in express toll roads, airports, container ports in Yangtze river delta, Pearl river delta and Bohai gulf areas have transformed the face of the Chinese industry for successful global commerce. The combination of the entrepreneurial drive, the governments support in conjunction with the overseas investments in the high technology and advanced manufacturing equipment, instruments and process control systems particularly from Japan, USA and Europe has enabled the Chinese industry to become a powerful global source for various manufactured goods from garments, toys, shoes and fashion accessories to high value auto, medical and aerospace parts. Various past imports in excess of US$150 b in less than two decades after Deng Xiaoping's launching of SEZs for overseas capital, know-how, technology, IT and business networks across heavy industries such as steel mills, cement, hot metal working, power, mining, railway, automotive, irrigation, agriculture and machine tools have contributed greatly for the robust growth in foundry castings business. Needless to justify that the local foundry industry has played a significant role as we all know that no manufacturing industry can flourish sensibly without the simultaneous inputs from engineered, sound, lighter, machine-friendly, quality consistent and cost effective castings, whether be it ferrous or nonferrous. More so since the early 90s when the landscape of the foundry industry changed from increased direct investments from several leading foundry groups from Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Hong Kong, Europe, Australia, USA and Asean countries for stand alone foundries as opposed to the Chinese State Owned, SoE captive ones. The Table 1.1 below gives a list of some foreign investments, which are the drivers for the growth of casting centers in China. 2. The evolution path -- the country & the foundry industry "China has telescoped into one generation what other countries took centuries to achieve" This nation's unique attempt to complete two transitions at once from command to market economy and from rural to an urban society is without historical precedent. Nowhere else such mammoth transformation is recorded so far. Ref World Bank China 2020 review. SOURCE COMPANY PRODUCTS/BUSINESSES CASTING CENTRES CITY/PROVINCE European GKN Martic ZTS Robert Bosch T & N Pistons Variety Perkins Volvo Drive Shafts, automotive parts Truck engines Engine management Piston products Engines Buses Jilin, Shnaghai Jixi Shanghai Jiangsu Tianjin Shanxi American Allied Signal Arvin Industries Cummins Engine Ford Freight liner Rockwell Tenecco Timken TRW Xerox GE Medical Equip. Colgate-Palmolive Gillette Turbo chargers Exhaust systems Diesel engines R&D Commercial vehicles Axle & navigation Exhaust systems Bearings Aerospace parts, engine valves Copiers Medical instruments Tooth paste Razors Shanghai, Jiangsu Shanghai Hubei, Shanghai Shanghai Jiangsu Jiangsu Dalian Shandong, Yantai Shandong, Shanxi and Jiangsu Shanghai Beijing Gongchow, in Shanghai Japanese Asmo Co. Hino Kokusan Denki & Okutani Koki Koyo Toyota Suzuki Mitsubishi Tange Small motors Diesel Engines Electrical components, automotive Steering Engines Light trucks Engines & transmissions Bicycles Tianjin Hangchow Hebei Hunan Tianjin Jiang Xi Liaoning Shenzhen Thailand China Tai Motor Cycles Luoyang Korean Daewoo Mando Machinery Cars and excavators Generators Shandong Jinzhou 28 www.metals.rala.com.au Table 1.1. The Drivers in the Chinese Manufacturing Industry