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Metal Casting Technologies : September 2007
2007 OVERVIEW AsianFoundry www.metals.rala.com.au 48 INDONESIA By Barbara Cail Metal casting activity is difficult to measure in Indonesia. There are no statistics as we went to press. A profile of the auto industry can be used, however, to extrapolate the need for metal casting. The main automotive groups in Indonesia are Toyota, Daihatsu, Issuzu, Peugeot, BMW, Nissan Diesel, Honda Motorcycle and the market experienced a significant downturn in 2006 with 40.26% decrease in car sales from 534,000 in 2005 to 319,000 in 2006. The biggest market, 70%, are commercial vehicles which include light commercial multi purpose family van. The Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board reported that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Indonesia's automotive sector reached $438.5 million in 2006. The industry is controlled by foreign principals with regional and global orientation making Indonesia as one of their production base. Automotive Components There are about 180 companies related to automotive component manufacturing in Indonesia with 135 of them being members of the Association of Car and Motorcycle Equipment Industries (GIAMM). Japanese companies dominate this sector with Astra International and Indomobil Group being the largest players with 18 companies producing auto components. Astra International, through Astra Otoparts, has 28 companies producing automotive components. The Ministry of Finance has abolished import duty on automotive equipment or parts to produce cars in completely built up (CBU) and completely knocked down (CKD) forms to be exported. And in April this year the Ministry also issued a regulation abolishing import duties on the basic materials for component and spare part industry. (Source: Austrade Purnima Ganapathy Senior Media Adviser www.austrade.gov) MALAYSIA By Paula Wallace, Associate Editor MCT Exports of machinery and equipment containing cast metal components have grown steadily over recent years and reached US$4.8 billion in 2005 and growing. Machinery and equipment for specific industries accounted for more than US$2 billion of these exports, while general industrial components and parts almost reached the same figure, according to the Malaysian Industrial Development Authority. Malaysia considers itself to be the main regional production hub for high technology and specialised machinery and equipment. Primary export markets for these products include Singapore, Australia, Japan, USA, Thailand, Germany, Taiwan and Hong Kong. About 70 companies are in production and is characterized by many SMI's. The major companies include MMI Industries, Yoonsteel, Lestari Casting, Swanmet and Metalock Casting. These companies produce castings of good quality and low dimensional tolerances in compliance to International Standards. The future of the industry lies in the establishment of modern foundries and the upgrading of existing facilities to cater for the more diverse and sophisticated needs of the non-traditional market sectors such as automotive components, electrical and electronics as well a machinery and equipment. Die Casting The die-casting industry in Malaysia is fast developing as a major supply source supporting the manufacture of computers, electrical appliances, automotive components and hardware products. Many companies have developed and acquired know- how and production capabilities in producing die-castings of export quality. About ten of the die-casting companies are supplying the automotive industry with die-casting parts - mainly front and rear wheel hub and rear brake panel, alternator housing and engine parts such as crank case, crank case cover and cylinder head cover. Development of the local automotive industry and increased demand for automobile parts and motorcycle die-cast parts provides greater demand for die-cast components. Investment Casting Investment casting is fast becoming a basic engineering supporting industry as the process successfully produces parts with a wide range of metal alloys with accurate dimensional tolerances and complex shapes normally used in the aerospace, automotive and machinery industries. However the investment casting industry is not yet an established industry in Malaysia. To date, only 4 companies are in production and mainly for the export market. 483 354 318 300 301 94 58 387 750 630 530 470 380 360 440 470 540 534 319 630 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 '97 '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 OPTIMIS NORMAL Note : - Actual Data : 1997-2006 - Proje ction Data : 2007-2011 (X 1000 unit) DOMESTIC MOTOR VEHICLE SALES PROJECTION IN INDONESIA ~1997--2011~