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Metal Casting Technologies : Whos who September 2011
24 www.metals.rala.com.au Positive growth potential for India Dr. P.C. Maity, Metal Casting and Materials Engineer E-Mail: email@example.com India has been ranked the second largest casting producer in the world according to the latest 44th Census of World Casting Production in 2009-10. China is at the top with 35 million tons, whereas India produced 7.44 million tons of castings. Other major producers of casting in the series are USA, Japan, Russia and Germany (Table 1). India has elevated its position to 2nd from 4th in last year by increasing the volume from 6.84 million tons to 7.44 million tons. It is noteworthy that China produced castings more than four times that of India and the volume of casting produced by India is marginally more than that of USA. Moreover the rank of the top six casting producers has fluctuated in the last two years, the production of USA and Russia has lowered considerably and China and India has improved their production marginally. The effect of recession, domestic demand of castings, stringent pollution control norms, lack of skilled manpower, shifting towards sophisticated products etc. appear to be the controlling factors for the fluctuation in production of casting in various countries. Out of 4,600 foundries in India, 80% are small scale units, 10% each are in the medium and large scale. Hence the productivity of the Indian foundries is quite low compared to most of other countries except China. About 500 units are equipped with modern facilities and produce castings of international standard. Majority of the ferrous and non-ferrous castings produced by these foundries are for automobile sector (32%). Other types of castings produced are pipes and fittings -- 8%, agricultural machinery -- 7%, industrial machinery -- 7%, railways -- 6%, power equipments -- 5%, to name the major types. The export of castings in 2009-10 indicated downtrend as compared to 2008-09. Export of castings has grown steadily over the past decade. It was around INR 10 billion in 2000-01, that had reached a peak of INR 58 billion in 2008-09. However, due to lack of demand caused by the global recession starting in late 2008, the export has reduced to INR 40 billion in 2009-10. The demand is reported to be picking up and a growth of 20-25% is expected. In November 2010, the overall export from India has grown 26.5% as compared to the same period of last year. Rank Country No. of Units Casting Produced (million tons) Productivity (million tons) Last year's rank Last year's production (million tons) 1 China 26000 35.3 1357 1 33.5 2 India 4600 7.443 1618 4 6.84 3 USA 2060 7.408 3596 2 10.78 4 Japan 1697 4.4 2584 6 5.65 5 Russia 1350 4.2 3111 3 7.8 6 Germany 602 3.9 6481 5 5.78 Source: Modern Casting, USA, December 2009 and December 2010 Table 1. Production of Castings in 2009-10 by top six countries in the world
Whos who September 2012