by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
button in toolbar for more information.
Metal Casting Technologies : Whos who September 2011
3. Materials --- materials needed for production are available either from domestic sources or from foreign sources. Metal scraps which make up about 70-95 percent of the metal charges are today very difficult to come by as there appeared an export market for these that gave dollar earnings to the scrap dealers who, in turn, resorted to filling that export market. The industry had to match the export prices to get any raw material. There is a need to resolve this! On the other hand, most alloying materials are imported and are benefited by the lower tariff rates imposed on such imports. Fuel and electric power, if considered as "material inputs," are both very costly. Oil and gasoline prices keep going up and down perennially, mostly up. Electric power is considered to be the most costly in the world, making the Philippines the number one (at least we are No. 1 in something!). The main culprit that really plagues industry is the so-called "demand charge per KW maximum demand" on top of the energy charge per KWH used. Exactly what cost elements make these charges up? The electric utility company representatives who presented a paper at the Metalcasters' Convention in June 2010 were asked about this and they gave only evasive and hazy answers (either they really did not know the answer or they just plainly refused to answer). Something has to be done about all these energy and demand charges. 4. Machines --- it can be said that the most modern foundry uses equipment that is, at least, 30 years old. There are those with 50-60 year-old machines. This is the primary reason for the low productivity attributed to this industry. Unless the industry modernizes, it can never keep up with the productivity of our neighboring countries. For example, a Thai foundry reportedly can make molds at the rate of 350 molds per hour; while METERCOR, with its 40-year-old Disamatic Flaskless Molding Machine, can make less than 200 molds per hour --- this is the fastest in the Philippines today! 5. Manpower --- there is an abundance of highly trainable manpower from the worker-level to the technician-level, and even to the supervisory and managerial-levels. The Filipino has, time and again, proven himself to be a very versatile worker that makes him sort of a specialist in more than two areas, even up to five areas, in his chosen field. Properly motivated, the Filipino worker has proven himself equal to, if not better, than his counterpart anywhere in the world, as borne by the feedback from overseas employers in all fields of endeavor. This plus factor should be properly exploited! 6. Money --- the cost of money is pretty high for the industry. This is probably the primary reason for the lack of modernization in the industry, conveniently relegating the industry to practically the "stone age." This should be addressed and addressed soon before the industry becomes extinct! 7. Management --- there is no shortage of supervisors and managers for the industry. Like the Filipino worker, with the proper motivation, Filipino supervisors and managers react in the same way. There are even foreign-trained supervisors and managers in the industry. The fact that most foundries are still operating despite all the handicaps in the industry is proof that the industry has many able managers and supervisors leading capable workforces. The resultant situation The foregoing is the result of only one foundryman's analysis of the metalcasting industry in the Philippine situation. In his over 60 years' involvement in the metalcasting industry, these are his findings which are amply corroborated by other Philippine foundry managers: 1. The metalcasting industry is a very basic and strategic industry. This is because all manufacturing starts here. The cast metal parts and components that make up all manufacturing machinery and equipment are produced by this industry. No wonder, all the highly industrialized countries have well-developed metalcasting industries. Could this be the reason why the Philippines had never graduated to being a developed country? 2. Because of its importance to the economy of the country, the government should give it more attention and support so that it can perform its role in bringing the country to a higher THE MAIN CULPRIT THAT REALLY PLAGUES INDUSTRY IS THE SO-CALLED "DEMAND CHARGE PER KW MAXIMUM DEMAND" ON TOP OF THE ENERGY CHARGE PER KWH USED. 30 www.metals.rala.com.au
Whos who September 2012