by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
button in toolbar for more information.
Metal Casting Technologies : December 2007
METAL Casting Technologies December 2007 50 TECHNICAL FEATURE References. 1. C. Ashburn, T.C. Dempsey, V.S. LaFay, S.L. Nelter & D.N. Taulbee. "Understanding Properties of Carbonaceous Additives and Their Potential to Emit Benzene", AFS Transactions 1997, Vol.105, pp.109-117. 2. V.S. LaFay. "Production of High Quality Castings with a Reduction in Emissions of Green Sand", Ductile Iron News, Issue 3, 2005 (Web Site Article -- www.ductile.org/mgazine/2005_3/greensand 3. G.R. Crandell, J.F. Schifo & G. Mosher. "CERP Organic HAP Emission Measurements for Iron Foundries and Their Use in Development of an AFS HAP Guidance Document", Paper 06-031(10), AFS Transactions 2006, 17pp. 4. M. McBarron. "Beneficial re-use of foundry waste sand", Foundryman November 1996, pp. 401-402. 5. E. Olenbush. "Foundry sand recycling in the US construction markets", Foundry Trade Journal June 2004, p186. 6. P. Naystrom, J. Lemkow, & J. Orkas. "Waste foundry sand -- a resource in composting and soil production", Foundry Trade Journal June 2004, pp.188-189. 7. A. Moore. "Coal in Greensand Systems: A new look at a very old practice", Foundry Trade Journal June 2005, pp.160-165. 8. W. Kleimann. "Use of bentonites and lustrous carbon producers in modern moulding sands", Foundry Trade Journal January/ February 2006, pp.24-25. 9. "Guide to Solving Hot Sand Problems". Foundry September/October 2004, pp.7-12. 10. V.S. Lafay & S.L. Neltner. "Understanding Emissions in Green Sand Moulding", Web Site Article -- www.afsinc.org 11. G.Thiel, S.R. Giese, V.J. Losacco, J. Darlington, M. Van Leirsburg. "Effects of Using Causticized Lignite as a Seacoal Replacement on Mold Gas Emissions", AFS Transactions 2004 12. V.J. Losacco. "Effects of Causticized Lignite on Mold Gas Emissions in Green Sand Systems", 68th Annual AFS Regional Foundry Conference February 10-11th 2005, 13. V. LaFay & G. Crandell. "The addition of cellulose to molding sand when reducing Seacoal for emission reduction during pouring, cooling and shakeout". Paper 07-021 Proceedings of 111th AFS Metalcasting Congress, 15-18 May 2007, Houston, Texas, US. 14. T. Birch & E. Pardo, "New coatings for green sand moulding". Foundryman May 2003, pp.124-127. Figure 1. Total benzene (a) and toluene (b) emissions in μg/m3 as a function of sea coal: causticized lignite ratio in greensand for grey iron casting. . The author is grateful to V.J. Losacco of American Colloid Co. for permission to use this figure.